People hate being sick as it affects their both personal and the business well-being. However, health defects are inevitable! Some tend to prevail for a certain period of time and with the right medicine and the treatment they could be cured in a shorter period of time. While on the other hand, some like the Diabetes tend to last forever and all one could do is to follow certain health guidelines to keep them in check. Today majority of people across the world suffer from diabetes making it be the world’s greatest health threat of our time.
As one cannot simply take a pill and expect a cure overnight, it is body condition that alters our very own biological functions. So treating it calls for better understanding of what it is. This article will provide you with everything to learn more about diabetes such as its types and its effective treatment methods. So keep on reading….
What is Diabetes?
The effective treatment to Diabetes Mellitus was more commonly known as the Diabetes starts with a clear understanding of its basic terms. This includes the real idea of what it is and how it occurs.
Diabetes is nothing more than an improper sugar level in the blood. It is caused due to unbalanced secretion of the hormone called Insulin in the Endocrine system in our body as it regulates the conversion of sugar molecules into Energy for carrying out our day to day activities.
Types of Diabetes:
Diabetes may sound so simple yet it is one of the greatest health threats to our mankind, the majority of people across the world suffers from it. But interestingly the Diabetes has its distinct features.
It falls into following main types Such as Type 1 & Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. Each comes with its own set of trigger factors and the treatment methods.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is caused due to thе insufficient insulin level in the body systems. Here the body’s natural immune system affects the beta cells in the pancreas which produces the insulin. As a result of the blood sugar level increases which could be controlled only by the insulin injections. While there are also other environmental factors and the disease conditions which could trigger them.
This Type 1 more commonly occurs among the people under the age of 20 but could also occur at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes:
This is the most common form of Diabetes found among people and there are various factors available that could trigger them.
1) Obesity or Overweight
Unmanaged excess body weight could get you into quite a trouble, and this also forms a key factor in resulting type diabetes among people.
Here the pancreas continues to produce the insulin in insufficient quantities or the body may not recognise it. As a result, the body cells lack proper glucose supply failing to meet their energy needs.
Increased fat levels in the body system and its locations also play a major role in it. It also results in additional serious health issues like cardiac diseases and so on.
Also read about: Eveything to know about cardiac diseases
Type 2 Diabetes often starts with Insulin resistance conditions. Here body muscles, liver, and fats do not make use of the Insulin. So pancreases tend to produce more insulin to meet the over demand but eventually, it cannot keep up resulting in increased blood sugar level.In some cases, genes also play a major role in resulting in type 2 diabetic conditions among people.
This type of diabetes occurs in women during the time of pregnancy. It is caused due to the hormonal changes in the body along with genetic and lifestyle factors. Women who are already obese tend to develop insulin resistance and during the time of pregnancy, it increases their chances of gestational diabetes.
Well, apart from the above-mentioned factors there are several other additional factors which could result in Diabetes among people. This includes Genetic mutation, hormonal diseases, damaged or removed pancreases, and certain medicines.
- Monogenic Diabetes is caused due to the mutation in the single gene. This could occur as a result of heredity or sometimes it could also occur on their own. It affects the pancreases making it less able to produce insulin. This monogenic diabetes is of various types and some of the most common ones include the Maturity Onset Diabetes of the young (MODY) and Neonatal Diabetes. Neonatal Diabetes occurs in the first 6 months of the life while the MODY is more generally cured in early adulthood and in some cases, it is treated in later stages of life.
- Cystic Fibrosis: Here it involves the development of thick mucus that affects pancreas resulting in scars. Such scarring action could greatly affect their insulin production.
- Hemochromatosis: It refers to the increased buildup and the storage of Iron. This could damage the pancreas affecting the insulin production.
Some of the hormonal diseases could result in excess secretion of certain hormones which could result in insulin resistance leading to diabetes.
Some of them are…
- Too much of the stress hormone (cortisol) in the body could result in Cushing’s syndrome.
- Excess of growth hormones results in Acromegaly
- Hyperthyroidism denotes the increased secretion of the thyroid hormone.
3)Damaged or removed Pancreas
Insulin is secreted by the Beta cells in the Pancreases. When any of such beta cells are damaged it reduces the insulin production thereby resulting in diabetes.
4)Medicines that cause Diabetes
Even though Medicines are the lifesaver in modern science yet many fail to understand that these medicines are nothing but chemicals mixed in right proportions with each other. So when consumed some of the below-mentioned drugs could result in diabetes in an individual.
- Drugs used in HIV treatments
- Pentamidine – a drug used to treat a certain type of Pneumonia
- Psychiatric drugs
- Anti-seizure drugs
- Anti-rejection drugs ( used during organ transplant)
Symptoms of Diabetes:
Symptoms are the indications of the need for medical attention. So it becomes paramount for anyone to get familiar with these symptoms in order to turn back to healthy habits or to get on with the immediate treatment procedures.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:
- Blurred vision
- Frequent Urination
- Increased Thirst
- Increased Hunger even after eating
- Unexplained weight loss
- Dry mouth
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:
The Symptoms for the Type @ diabetes is the same as that of Type 1 however, it includes certain additional ones to the list. This includes,
- Yeast Infections
- Itching skin (near the Vaginal or Groin region)
- Slow healing cuts or sores
- Numbness or Tingling of hand and feet
- Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction
- Recent Weight gain
In the case of the Gestational Diabetes, there are no many symptoms however it includes
- Blurred vision
- Increased Hunger
- Increased thirst
- Increased Urination
Even though Pregnant women often feel the urge of increased hunger and urination it does not include that they are diabetic (gestational). But it is always better to undergo a medical checkup to ensure the actual results.
Treatment for Diabetes:
Treating Diabetes is No joke. Self-treatments are not effective and it is advised to get medical help from the professional. Also, remember Diabetes cannot be cured! But it could be controlled. So getting the right help is more important to lead a healthy and a happy life.
Such treatment plans often include the combination of the Mediation and exercise activities along with continuously monitoring their blood sugar levels.
- One must follow Diet plan suggested by the doctors that result in balanced food intake. It controls the sugar level in the blood.
- Also strictly follow diabetic medications.
- Take part in regular exercises and physical activity like walking to control the cholesterol level in the blood.
- Monitor your blood glucose and the pressure levels.
- Follow regular checkup routines with trusted medical sources.
Also, remember the Disease and the treatment starts from oneself. So always be sure to make the right decisions that pave the way to your healthy and happy living. After all, Life is Short and Nobody lives forever life so be sure to make the best out of it. I hope this article would have proven useful to people to learn more about diabetes to establish a Work health balance in life!