Many say being healthy is the real gift of living! Everybody wants to be gifted, but in reality, they are not! We face more significant health issues every day. But some take a higher toll on our life. And we are here to know more about coronary heart disease (Probably the most important one!) Let us get on with it!
Heart diseases are increasing at an alarming rate every day, and more people tend to suffer on a regular basis. Such a condition has become a global threat in recent years. So this brings us to the need for making the right decision for facing this enemy more readily than ever. But it is not as easy as it sounds; it takes a more significant deal of time and effort to get it right.
To get a better hang of this idea, one has to be well aware of what are these cardiovascular diseases is all about? There are a vast number of online information resources available that best answers all our doubts. But this article focuses on making it simpler by providing precise information of its types, followed by its symptoms and its effective prevention measures.
What is heart disease?
Our human body is nothing more than a well-organized complex biological system. So like any of the perfect machines, it tends to suffer from wear and tear up to a certain extent. This affects their standard functions which we call a disease. Even though people have been prone to all such diseases some of them could make it worse. It includes heart diseases. As the name suggests, it refers to the improper functioning of the heart muscles that purify and pumps our blood the very essence of our living throughout our body 24/7 from birth till death.
Types of heart diseases
Heart diseases are one of the more significant threats to people nowadays. These cardiovascular diseases are for various kinds of it which affect our lives to a greater extent. So the best way to avoid those involves the need for an easy understanding of its risk factors and their effective medication. So, one could even say that it is time to get serious to learn more about them. By doing so, it provides the upper hand of eradicating the possibilities of their occurrence and also for their effective treatments. Speaking of which, people suffer from many heart diseases every day and the count is steadily increasing at an alarming rate. Among which the “Coronary Artery Disease” is considered to be one of the deadliest heart conditions common among people these days. Some even refer to it as the “Global killer.”
How does it occur?
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is also known as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), and it is being caused by the narrowing of the blood arteries (tubes that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to all our organs). There is also an exception which is the pulmonary artery that carries the deoxygenated blood to the lungs for oxygenation. The heart pumps about 3000 gallons of blood every day so like any of the other body organs it also requires a steady supply of blood for its effective operation. But with this cholesterol plaque deposits on the arteries, it dramatically reduces the flow of blood to the heart resulting in an insufficient supply of oxygen. This could result in sudden cardiac arrest and even death!
Today it is one of the most common health diseases resulting in massive amounts of death on a global level. It is estimated that one in four of the deaths in America is caused due to this coronary heart disease. And around 16.5 million Americans over the age of 20 are significantly affected.
So this becomes more of a common health concern among people on a global level. Thus, many nations have started making efforts to find the best cure. Thanks to all the modern scientific developments, we are well equipped with advanced tools and devices that simplify our work of easy diagnosis.
Specific symptoms have been witnessed as more common among people. This could prove helpful in its early detection and natural medications.
Symptoms of CHD:
Disease Symptoms are the indication of the abnormal health conditions of an individual. It is because of these factors we have started developing new successful treatment procedures to restore our body health back to normal. This is also the same in the case of coronary heart disease (CHD). Here there are many symptoms available that could pinpoint the possibilities of people suffering from these greater heart diseases. So let us take some time to get to know them well as it could prove helpful in taking proper precautions. This includes
- Chest pain
These symptoms could also occur in indigestion or heartburn (be aware!)
However, Coronary heart disease could be witnesses with additional symptoms such as follows.
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in the arms or the shoulders
And in the case of women, there are indeed more to add to the list
- Shortness of breath (without chest pain)
- Jaw pain
- Back pain
Men are highly prone to such heart disease than premenstrual women & postmenstrual women of age 70 face a similar risk as men.
At when it comes to heart, it suffocates more
- The heart becomes weaker.
- Also develops abnormal Heart rates or rhythms
- Fails to meet its capacity to pump the total quantity of blood that our body needs
Risk factors for CHD:
Even though nobody wants to have heart diseases but below are some of the factors that could increase the possibilities of such occurrences.
- High Cholesterol level in the blood
- High blood pressure
- Reduced physical activities
- Increased body weight (Obesity)
- Insulin resistance diabetes
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Increased alcohol consumption
- Increased mental stress
- Obstructive sleep apnea
All of these risk factors get more effective with age starting at the age of 45 for men and 55 for women.
Effective CHD diagnosis:
The first step to treat any of the diseases involves its effective diagnosis. Here in the case of coronary heart disease, there are many modern tools and devices available that prove helpful. It includes
It is the procedure that monitors the electric signals in your heart to determine the abnormality of its effective operation. It is more of a common one.
As the name suggests it makes use of the sound waves (ultrasound waves) to picture our heart that helps in easy diagnosis
Here, the catheter into our forearms or the groin in which the dye is inserted into the coronary arteries. It helps the medical professionals to get the radiographic image of the arteries to check for any blockages.
As the name indicates, it involves measuring the stress of our heart under various circumstances such as during physical activity & at rest. And for those who are unable to take part in such actions, there are also other testing methods available.
Though many are familiar with the idea of the CT scan, here it is for diagnosing heart conditions.
Treatment of the CHD:
Heart diseases affect a higher number of people even today as we speak. One of the primary reasons for such occurrences is our modified lifestyle and food habits. This gives the reason to fear it, but this doesn’t mean that it cannot be stopped. Even though there are many modern treatment methods available today one of the best ways to achieve a healthy life lies within oneself. To be healthier one has to follow a healthy lifestyle. This includes
- Avoid consuming alcohol and Tobacco
- Follow regular exercises
- Eat healthy food (be sure to maintain low sodium and low Fat)
In addition to such natural practices, there are also other modern advanced procedures available to improve one’s health. It also includes surgical procedures.
Here the stent is inserted into the lumen to widen the arteries and reduce the cholesterol plaque deposition in the arteries.
Coronary artery Bypass surgery: (Invasive)
It is an open chest surgical procedure to remove the deposited cholesterol plaque to restore the normal blood flow in the arteries.
Enhanced External counterpulsation: (Non-Invasive)
It involves the idea of stimulating the formation of new blood vessels to bypass the arteries more naturally without any need for surgery.
To sum it all up, be more conscious of what you eat as it defines your health to a greater extent. After all, being healthy is what it adds the best value to our life. So learn to take breaks when needed and enjoy your healthy and happy way of living.
Also, read about Diabetes
Vivek is an Outreach specialist for Blogs. He is also a writing enthusiast fond of healthy and happy living. He believes Knowledge gets better when shared. So he founded The Mindful Bytes as a platform for people who love to read and write anything that has to do with Health, Tech, Business, Finance, and Lifestyle.